Beasts of England, Animalism, Sugarcandy mountain, Animal hero first class, Battle of the Cowshed, Battle of Windmill, Order of the green-banner
After “1984”, this is the second book by George Orwell that I read. Where as “1984” focused on state of affairs inside a country that has become an oligarchy, this book focuses on how well-meaning revolutions are taken over by dictatorships. Another contrast is Animal Farm feels more satirical as most characters are symbolic where as “1984” feels more real as it is about people in (exaggerated) a dictatorial communist country. Where as “1984” is more descriptive about the events, “Animal Farm” leaves a lot on the reader to think about.
On the surface the story is that of a farm where animals successfully revolt against the owner of the farm which is a human. Over the time their society spirals into a dictatorship and the new rulers become as atrocious as the old ones. Major, the old pig who seeds the idea of revolution and dies soon after represents the forefathers of any revolution. They are symbolically worshiped through putting their faces in currencies, postal stamps, naming roads by their name etc. Names of such great men are often exploited after their death by people who barely follow their principles. Snowball, the pig who is an actual hero but gets thrown out of the society by crooks represents the naive heroes who underestimate the power of evil. Squealer, the charismatic pig who could sell any lie on behalf of his boss represents the spokesperson/media manager with excellent oratory skills. Pigs in general represent the ruling class with some good souls within but the good ones eventually have to run away or die. Dogs represent the army, once in wrong hands they are a lethal tool. Sheep represent most of the common population which is gullible and forgets every incident soon. Boxer, the horse represents the worker who believes 100% in the values and the leaders but is not capable to see through the farce. Benjamin, the donkey represents the intellectuals who don’t speak until it’s too late. Moses, the crow represents the religion who promises the animals that there is some comfort land after they die. Finally Napoleon, the dictator pig who always had the agenda to establish himself as the ruler and used all his might to achieve that.
The beauty of this book is that even a child can read it and be happy about a little story but at the same time an adult can learn a lot about how societies turn into dictatorships. For me the character I felt the most for was Boxer, the horse. If you read the book you will know why.
Conclusion & Rating:
This is an all time classic. The biggest plus of this book is the simplicity of the story itself and the complexity of the matter it explores. Do read it if you get a chance.